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Starting lineup - published: 16.03.19

Position First name Last name Mjesto rođenja Like Dislike
GK Etrit BERISHA Pristina

14

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22

GK Volkan BABACAN Antalya

6

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13

DC Ahmet CALIK Ankara

3

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5

DC Kyriakos PAPADOPOULOS Katerini

11

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2

DC Serdar AZIZ Bursa

0

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1

DRL/MR Stefan RISTOVSKI Skopje

23

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9

DR Elseid HYSAY Reç (Shkodër)

12

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8

DR Gokhan GONUL Bafra

2

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3

DL Ali ADNAN Baghdad

0

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0

DL/ML Konstantinos STAFYLIDIS Thessaloniki

8

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5

DL/MLC Caner ERKIN Balıkesir

7

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12

DC/DMC Caglar SÖYÜNCÜ Izmir

4

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12

DMC Bibras NATCHO Kfar Kama

0

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0

DMC Mohamed ELNENY Mahalla 

0

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0

DMC Ozan TUFAN Bursa

5

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11

DMC Selcuk INAN İskenderun

8

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11

DMC/DC Mehmet TOPAL Malatya

2

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7

MC Mahmoud DAHOUD Amude

1

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1

MRLC Cengiz ÜNDER Balikesir

2

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4

AMRLC Arda TURAN Fatih

15

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4

AMRLC Kostas FORTOUNIS Trikala

19

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9

AMRL Xerdan SHAQIRI Gjilan

37

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20

FRLC Admir MEHMEDI Gostivar

4

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14

FRLC Enes ÜNAL Bursa

4

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7

FRLC Mohamed SALAH Basyoun

18

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3

FC Bekim BALAJ Shkodër

0

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0

FC Burak YILMAZ Antalya

8

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8

FC Ilija NESTOROVSKI Prilep

20

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4

FC Kostas MITROGLOU Kavala

16

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1

(Today part: Turkey, Parts of Greece, Albania, Middle East, North Macedonia Egypt)

Attempts at change ran into recurring political opposition, mostly among the Janissaries who, for example, refused to implement military reforms based on European “infidels”. Therefore, the sultan disbanded them after their massacre in 1826. The seventies saw a general crisis of Ottoman rule in the Balkans. The Ottomans would, after the defeat in the war with Russia and the Berlin Congress (1878), have to accept the independence of Bulgaria, Romania, Montenegro, and Serbia, as well as the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Great Britain was granted control of the strategically important Cyprus through a secret agreement in 1878 and control of Egypt in 1882, while France gained a protectorate in Ottoman Tunisia (1881).

While the Ottoman Empire was under the protection of Great Britain throughout the 19th century, Great Britain began an anti-Ottoman foreign policy in the beginning of the 20th century due to improvement of relations between the Ottomans and Germany. It would take the form of indirect destabilization of the Ottoman Empire through encouragement and support of pan Arabic movements or Orthodox Balkan countries. Since modernizing reforms failed, despite attempts of the aristocratic Islamic elite in the 19th century, certain liberal circles saw the appearance of the new pan Turkic ideology that would be adopted by the Young Turk organization. Its members would stage a coup and overthrow the sultan (1908), but the implemented nationalist policies would accelerate the estrangement of numerous non-Turkic parts of the Empire, as well as lead to large scale crimes against Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians and Kurds.

Sources